This book and course utilizes the learning theories known as Implicit Learning & Elaborative Encoding (also known as Elaborative Rehearsal). Mastery of grammar and vocabulary words is often accomplished by rote rehearsal. Rote memory, however, often fails to relate significance or to assign meaning to the new information. The value of ER theory is that it consciously and intentionally relates the significance and meaning of the new information to established or long-term memory. Like a child though, implicit learning is the natural unconscious act of language learning. Truly, Implicit Learning comes with many errors but yields a quicker handling of the language. Implicit learning methods utilized in this course are: Interlinear Reading, Colored Marking, and Auditory Learning.
To learn Hebrew through our method devote yourself to:
- Learn The 12 Principles
- Learn all high frequency words (Any word utilized over 40x’s in the Hebrew Bible)
- Read Hebrew every day!
Recommended Study Tools
- Hebrew Grammar Card
This handy card will provide critical information for handling the Hebrew text.
- Textbook Flashcards
These flashcards will aid in the memorization of Hebrew words and phrases.
Additional Course Textbooks
Read “Reasons & Hamilton Method of Reading.”
While it may seem strange to provide interlinear translations, this is done on purpose for several reasons:
- To maintain the one-to-one correspondence. Such a correspondence aids in learning vocabulary. After all, your aim is not to be a translator, but a reader!
- To ensure use of the original language. If the English were “smoothed” then there would be great temptation to read the English text only.
- To help learn syntax of the original language. Syntax and translation issues becomes obvious when the original language is the primary reading language.
- To provide a fun means of reading. When you handle just the biblical text, then you waste so much time going back to a lexicon. By using an interlinear, reading can be more enjoyable, for frustration is much lower. As the weeks progress, earlier encountered high frequency words will be replaced with a “-“.
- Recordings of the Hebrew Bible
We suggest this website to listen to as you read the biblical text. The pronunciation method utilized is Sephardic, whereas Mario’s pronunciation is more of a “modern Hebrew.” Later we’ll have a discussion concerning the types of Hebrew pronunciations.
- Step Bible
We suggest using this website on your phone / tablet as you are at church, or a Bible study. Train your eyes to read the original language, and only look down at the English when you do not know the vocabulary word. With time this will help you to grow in your Biblical Hebrew (and Greek if you use it).
Hebrew Interlinear Setup Procedure
- Open the Stepbible.org program in any web browser/window.
- Make certain that the “REF:” box is set to an Old Testament passage.
- To Open Interlinear Hebrew: Click on the “ESV” box, down arrow.
- Once the special box opens, simply notice that the ESV has already been selected for you as the “English” text. I recommend you use this version as it will work with the Hebrew interlinear.
- To find the link for the OHB, click on the word “Ancient” in the top right corner of the special box.
- Then, scroll down the list of ancient texts and click on the OHB.
- You will be offered a button to “Update Display Order”: click this button.
- When both the ESV and OHB show in blue boxes on the screen, simply click and drag the OHB box upwardly to place the OHB box above the ESV. This helps enable the morphology to be driven from the Hebrew.
- Click the “OK” when OHB is above the “ESV”
- Then, once that box closes, Click the “Gear” button just to the right of the “Thumbs Up” icon. From that selection box, click the “Interlinear” button.
Lesson 2: Components of the Biblical Text
The text of the Hebrew Bible text is known as a “pointed text.” A pointed text includes both vowel points and accent marks. Modern Israeli newspapers and books are unpointed texts; that is, the text consists only of printed consonants. The pointed text will yield three primary vowels: /a/, /i/, and /u/. Secondary vowels would be O and E. As you learn to read Hebrew and read often, you will learn to not read the vowel points but rather utilize the natural vowel sound that comes between the consonants. By not reading the points you will increase your reading speed. For now though, learn the vowel point sounds and practice reading them in the assignments.
- Lesson 2 exercises : Practice Reading Vowels
- Exegetical Gems Chapter 3
Lesson 6: Hallelujah Principle and Particles
Hallelujah [הַלְלוּיָה<]!” Hallelujah comes from the root הָלַל meaning “praise.” The word hallelujah הַלְלוּיָה means “praise the Lord.” In the English spelling of hallelujah appear three letter L’s. Three L’s in hallelujah will remind us that the letter ה, which of course is the first letter of the word הַלְלוּיָה, has 3 particular uses. For memory purposes, we will call this the “Hallelujah Principle.”
Also contained in this lesson is a conversation about Particles. Particles are function words that must be associated with another word or phrase in order to impart meaning. Such words typically signal a salient or prominent component of the sentence.
- Lesson 6: Find the Hallelujah Principle Words
- Exegetical Gems Chapter 24, 27
- 70 Hebrew Words chapter 5
Lesson 8: Jonah Principle for Weak Hebrew Verbs
In terms of frequency, the vast majority of verbs in the Hebrew Bible are weak verbs (irregular in form) as opposed to strong verbs. Weak verbs contain within their root a weak consonant. We call these the Jonah Letters for two reasons. First, the letters that run away are the very same letters used to spell Jonah יוֹנָה. The ה in Jonah’s name represents all the guttural letters (א, ה, ח, ע, plus ל). Second, this is called the Jonah principle because like Jonah, these letters often run away when something else shows up.
- Lesson 8: Find Jonah verbs in the Verses
- 70 Hebrew Words chapter 7
Select: All Stems, Perfect Tense, Any non Strong root (not biconsonantal)
Select: All Stems, Imperfect Tense, Any non Strong root (not biconsonantal)
We suggest doing these as two separate practices. Then Harmonize them once you’re finding success individually.
Lesson 10: Jericho Principle for Jussive, Cohortative, Imperative
Hebrew grammarians have assigned three different names for each of the three-person categories of imperatives: a third-person imperative is called a jussive, while a second and first person is called an imperative and a cohortative respectively. The three syllables in the city name of Jericho יְרֵחוֹ (Jer-i-cho) will be used to remember the three categories of imperatives. The /J/ in Jericho reminds us of the jussive; the /i/ in Jericho recalls the second-person imperative and the final syllable /cho/ reminds us of the first-person cohortative.
- Lesson 10: Find the Jericho Words
- Exegetical Gems Chapter 11, 12, 13
Select: Qal Stem, Jussive Tense, Qtil Root Strong (#2)
Select: Qal Stem, Imperative Tense, Qtil Root. Strong (#2)
Select: Qal Stem, Cohortative Tense, Qtil Root Strong (#2)
Once you are comfortable with these, expand the Stem and consider selecting Jussive, Imperative, and cohortative at the same time.