In Paul’s letter to the Romans, he writes that Adam was “a type of the one who was to come” (Rom. 5:14). Then in 1 Corinthians 15, he calls Jesus “the last Adam.” So what does the first Adam uniquely reveal to us about the last Adam?
I asked Howard Griffith, professor of systematic theology and academic dean of Reformed Theological Seminary, to walk through the key passages—Genesis 1–2, Romans 5, and 1 Corinthians 15—to demonstrate not only how Adam helps us to understand Christ, but also how Christ helps us to understand Adam, revealing things about Adam that are hinted at or implied but aren’t explicit in Genesis 1 and 2.
Books by Howard Griffith:
- Spreading the Feast: Instruction and Meditations for Ministry at the Lord’s Table
- Creator, Redeemer, Consummator: A Festschrift for Meredith G. Kline
Other resources on this topic:
- The Last Adam: A Theology of the Obedient Life of Jesus in the Gospels by Brandon D. Crowe
- The Forgotten Christ: Exploring the Majesty and Mystery of God Incarnate edited by Stephen Clark (includes chapter on “The Last Adam, The Life-Giving Spirit” by Richard B. Gaffin Jr.)
- The Eschatology of the Old Testament by Geerhardus Vos
- Why I Believe in the Covenant of Works Justin Taylor
- Last Things First: Unlocking Genesis 1–3 with the Christ of Eschatology by J. V. Fesko
You can listen to the episode here.