Roman Catholic theology is the doctrinal system and individual dogmas developed and defended by the Roman Catholic Church. The system is grounded on two axioms—the nature-grace interdependence and the Christ-Church interconnection—from which flow the various Catholic beliefs.
This essay focuses on Roman Catholic theology in relationship to Protestant theology. The foundations of the Catholic system are the nature-grace interdependence and the Christ-Church interconnection. The foundations of the Protestant system are the Reformation principles encapsulated in five solas: Scripture alone, Christ alone, grace alone, faith alone, God’s glory alone. Still, the two traditions embrace many commonalities. At the same time, because the two systems have different foundations, they clash with many theological divergences.
If this situation remains unresolved, it will be the end of Roman Catholicism as it stands.
Just because he’s not the first pope doesn’t mean Protestants should demote Peter in this passage.
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‘The Kingdom’ is not for those who need theological foundations, but for those whose theology has become drab and stale.