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Definition

Roman Catholic theology is the doctrinal system and individual dogmas developed and defended by the Roman Catholic Church. The system is grounded on two axioms—the nature-grace interdependence and the Christ-Church interconnection—from which flow the various Catholic beliefs.

Summary

This essay focuses on Roman Catholic theology in relationship to Protestant theology. The foundations of the Catholic system are the nature-grace interdependence and the Christ-Church interconnection. The foundations of the Protestant system are the Reformation principles encapsulated in five solas: Scripture alone, Christ alone, grace alone, faith alone, God’s glory alone. Still, the two traditions embrace many commonalities. At the same time, because the two systems have different foundations, they clash with many theological divergences.

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