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Definition

Pentecostalism is a Spirit-emphasizing movement that is characterized by several unique doctrines and practices, including baptism in the Spirit for Christians after conversion, speaking in tongues as evidence of that Spirit-baptism, and the exercise of all the spiritual gifts. These charismata include the “sign” or “miraculous” gifts of word of knowledge, word of wisdom, prophecy, miracles, healings, speaking in tongues, and interpretation of tongues.

Summary

This article addresses Pentecostalism and the theology associated with it, noting its origins and mentioning two movements—the charismatic movement and third-wave evangelicalism—that flow from it. Passing over the many commonalities that Pentecostalism shares with other Christian traditions, the article focuses on its theological, experiential, and missional distinctives. While many of these distinctives are well grounded and appreciated by most other traditions, some Pentecostal elements raise concerns.

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