If you’ve heard a sermon on Zephaniah that you can remember, likely it was on Zephaniah 3, where we are told that the Lord will “rejoice over you with gladness; he will quiet you by his love; he will exult over you with loud singing.” We like that part. But we don’t get to this kind of hopeful assurance in the book of Zephaniah until chapter 3. So what do we do with all the judgment when we’re teaching through this book?

William Wood—assistant professor of Old Testament at Reformed Theological Seminary in Atlanta—is currently finalizing his doctoral dissertation on the use of the Old Testament in the book of Zephaniah. Wood says the book of Zephaniah is summarized by this line: “Those who exalt themselves will be humbled; those who humble themselves will be exalted.” Wood also demonstrates how to connect the promises in the book of Zephaniah to the clothing of the priests, the story of Dagon, Pentecost, and the ultimate Day of the Lord.

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