Last week I posted some notes on the “if . . . then” clauses in 1 John. John uses a similar formula with a construction translated in English as “whoever”: whoever does or does not do X, then Y is true or commanded of him. Here is a breakdown along these lines (using the ESV).

Whoever: Righteousness

2:5 Whoever keeps [Christ’s]  word in him truly the love of God is perfected
2:6 Whoever says he abides in [Christ] ought to walk in the same way in which he walked
2:10 Whoever loves his brother abides in the light, and in him there is no cause for stumbling. abides in the light, and in him there is no cause for stumbling
2:17 Whoever does the will of God abides forever
2:23 Whoever confesses the Son has the Father also
3:7 Whoever practices righteousness is righteous, as he is righteous
3:24 Whoever keep[God’s]  commandments abides in God, and God in him
4:6 Whoever knows God listens to us
4:7 Whoever loves has been born of God and knows God
4:15 Whoever confesses that Jesus is the Son of God God abides in him, and he in God.
4:16 Whoever abides in love abides in God, and God abides in him
4:18 Whoever fears has not been perfected in love
4:21 Whoever loves God must also love his brother
5:12 Whoever has the Son has life

Whoever: Unrighteousness

2:4 Whoever says “I know [Christ]” but does not keep his commandments is a liar, and the truth is not in him
2:11 Whoever hates his brother is in the darkness and walks in the darkness, and does not know where he is going
3:8 Whoever makes a practice of sinning is of the devil
3:10 Whoever does not practice righteousness is not of God, nor is the one who does not love his brother
3:14 Whoever does not love abides in death
4:6 Whoever is not from God does not listen to us
5:10 Whoever does not believe God has made [God] a liar
5:12 Whoever does not has the Son does not has life