This is one of those posts I’ve wanted to write for awhile, but I wasn’t sure how to say what I think needs to be said. The danger of legalism and false guilt is very real. But so is the danger of disobedience and self-deception.

I want to talk about church members who attend their home church with great irregularity. These aren’t unchurched folks, or de-churched, or under-churched. They are semi-churched. They show up some of the time, but not every week. They are on again/off again, in and out, here on Sunday and gone for two. That’s the scandal of the semi-churched. In fact, Thom Rainer argues that the number one reason for the decline in church attendance is that church members don’t go to church as often as they used to.

We’ve had Christmas and Easter Christians for probably as long as we’ve had Christmas and Easter. Some people will always be intermittent with their church attendance. I’m not talking about nominal Christians who wander into church once or twice a year. I’m talking about people who went through the trouble of joining a church, like their church, have no particular beef with the church, and still only darken its doors once or twice a month. If there are churches with membership rolls much larger than their average Sunday attendance, they have either under-shepherds derelict in their duties, members faithless in theirs, or both.

I know we are the church and don’t go to church (blah, blah, blah), but being persnickety about our language doesn’t change the exhortation of Hebrews 10:25. We should not neglect to meet together, as some are in the habit of doing. Gathering every Lord’s Day with our church family is one of the pillars of mature Christianity.

So ask yourself a few questions.

1. Have you established church going as an inviolable habit in your family? You know how you wake up in the morning and think “maybe I’ll go on a run today” or “maybe I’ll make french toast this morning”? That’s not what church attendance should be like. It shouldn’t be an “if the mood feels right” proposition. I will always be thankful that my parents treated church attendance (morning and evening) as an immovable pattern. It wasn’t up for discussion. It wasn’t based on extenuating circumstances. It was never a maybe. We went to church. That’s what we did. That made the decision every Sunday a simple one, because there was no real decision. Except for desperate illness, we were going to show up. Giving your family the same kind of habit is a gift they won’t appreciate now, but will usually thank you for later.

2. Do you plan ahead on Saturday so you can make church a priority on Sunday? We are all busy people, so it can be hard to get to church, especially with a house full of kids. We will never make the most of our Sundays unless we prepare for them on Saturday. That likely means finishing homework, getting to bed on time, and foregoing some football. If church is an afterthought, you won’t think of it until after it’s too late.

3. Do you order your travel plans so as to minimize being gone from your church on Sunday? I don’t want to be legalistic with this question. I’ve traveled on Sunday before (though I try to avoid it). I take vacation and study leave and miss 8 or 9 Sundays at URC per year. I understand we live in a mobile culture. I understand people want to visit their kids and grandkids on the weekend (and boy am I thankful when ours come and visit). Gone are the days when people would be in town 50-52 weeks a year. Travel is too easy. Our families are too dispersed. But listen, this doesn’t mean we can’t make a real effort to be around on Sunday. You might want to take Friday off to go visit the kids so you can be back on Saturday night. You might want to think twice about investing in a second home that will draw you away from your church a dozen weekends every year. You might want to re-evaluate your assumption that Friday evening through Sunday evening are yours to do whatever you want wherever you want. It’s almost impossible to grow in love for your church and minister effectively in your church if you are regularly not there.

4. Are you willing to make sacrifices to gather with God’s people for worship every Sunday? “But you don’t expect me to cancel my plans for Saturday night, do you? I can’t possibly rearrange my work schedule. This job requires me to work every Sunday–I’d have to get a new job if I wanted to be regular at church. Sundays are my day to rewind. I won’t get all the yard work done if I go to church every week. My kids won’t be able to play soccer if we don’t go to Sunday games. If my homework is going to be done by Sunday, I won’t be able to chill out Friday night and all day Saturday. Surely God wouldn’t want me to sacrifice too much just so I can show up at church!” Not exactly the way of the cross, is it?

5. Have you considered that you may not be a Christian? Who knows how many people God saves “as through fire” (1 Cor. 3:15). Does going to church every week make you a Christian? Absolutely not. Does missing church 35 Sundays a year make you a non-Christian? It does beg the question. God’s people love to be with God’s people. They love to sing praises. They love to feast at the Table. They love to be fed from the Scriptures. Infrequent church attendance–I mean not going anywhere at all–is a sign of immaturity at best and unbelief at worst. For whenever God calls people out of darkness he calls them into the church. If the Sunday worship service is the community of the redeemed, what does your weekly pattern suggest to God about where you truly belong?

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321 thoughts on “The Scandal of the Semi-Churched”

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  3. In this debate about attending church and obeying a leadership team’s view of attending church, consider this information from the bible. So one may ask “Doesn’t Hebrews 13:17 command us to obey and submit to our leaders, implying that church leaders possess official authority?
    A look at the Greek text proves useful here. The word translated “obey” in Hebrews 13:17 is not the garden-variety Greek word (hupakouo) that’s usually employed in the N.T. for obedience. Rather, it’s the word peitho. Peitho means to persuade or to win over. Because this word appears in the middle-passive form in Hebrews 13:17, the text ought to be translated “Allow yourselves to be persuaded by your leaders.”
    This text appears to be an exhortation to give weight to the instruction of local overseers (and possibly apostolic workers). It’s not an exhortation to obey them mindlessly. It implies persuasive power to convince and to win over rather than to coerce, force, or browbeat into submission. In the words of Greek scholar W. E. Vine, “The obedience suggested [in Hebrews 13:17] is not by submission to authority, but resulting from persuasion.”
    Likewise, the verb translated “submit” in this passage is the word hupeiko. It carries the idea of yielding, retiring, or withdrawing, as in surrendering after battle. Those who occupy themselves with spiritual oversight don’t demand submission. By virtue of their wisdom and spiritual maturity, they are to be accorded with respect. Christians are encouraged to be uncommonly biased toward what they say. Not because of an external office they hold, but because of their godly character, spiritual stature, and sacrificial service to the people of God. In the words of Hebrews 13:7, we are to “imitate their faith” as we “consider the outcome of their life.” By so doing, we make their God-called task of spiritual oversight far easier to carry out (v. 17).
    (Taken from Frank Viola, Rethinking Leadership)

  4. Another aspect to this debate is the simple fact that many devoted Christians have stopped going to institutional church altogether. Recent reputable surveys both in the USA and Australia demonstrate that nearly 48% of all believers are now attending simple churches or home fellowships.. In essence It means more people are going out the back door rather than going through the front door of institutional church’s. I suspect the reasons for this cultural shift are both diverse and complex. However these surveys do shed some light on the reasons for change. Firstly, people have left institutional church because they have been mistreated. Secondly, legalism has set in. Thirdly people have indicated they are tired of being told what to do, what to say, what to think and how to behave by leaders who have forgotten who truly is the head of the church ie Jesus Christ. In fact in Australia the Baptist Union of New South wales is already experimenting with replacing failing traditional church’s and planting new ones using a simple church model, often with out any hierarchy what so ever. One should not be surprised by this. Billy Graham in fact prophesized this would happen in the late 1950s early 60s.

  5. Mike Gantt says:

    There are two kinds of people leaving the institutional: those who do so following the broad way that leads to destruction and those who do so to seek the narrow way of following Christ Himself. None of the surveys I’ve seen on the subject of church attendance seem to capture this distinction.

  6. Mike I guess your post opens up another line of discussion. Salvation being a gift form God (which is not earned) because of Christ allowing himself to be crucified on the cross means those people who use their free will to accept Him as Lord and Saviour will spend eternity with God. In my view going to a institutional church has no bearing on the gift of salvation. Now I know their are a number of theological positions on this matter. Some believe once saved always saved, some believe you can lose your salvation and some lock it into predestination where you don’t get to choose, it will happen no matter what. So it depends on where a person sits in this spectrum of positions. Where I sit is once saved it cant be undone if you have received God the Holy Spirit (Gods seal) at the point of confession and accepting Christ as Lord and Savior ie I mean a true conversion not a religious experience. Mind you that is only the beginning of your journey as you know well I’m sure. One can go to church for 20 years and still not be saved. Conversely one can never go to church and be saved. A great line debate. I like your web page blog by the way its taken me a long time to get where your at. Blessings to you

  7. J.Shaw says:

    Thank you Grahame Smith, one of the best comments I have seen on this thread…And one that best describes my position on this topic. A true conversion, not a religious experience, is all that matters. I believe our salvation is predestined, through our own “free” will…In other words God knows the eternal destiny of our soul long before our earthly bodies were created, but through our “free” will, we determine when we accept it. God was whispering for 20+ years to me while I hid from the light, knowing, but not accepting the gift….Again, great comment, thank you!

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  10. In this debate about attending institutional church…. one thing I noticed in the letters to the seven churches in the Book of Revelation, church attendance doesn’t seem to get a mention. However Christ does take the church to task on other issues. Tellingly, the issues and identified goals addressed are, love in the ecclesia, endurance in the face of persecution, morality in the ecclesia , loyalty to Christ’s name , discernment of true doctrine and dedication to spirit empowered living . I take it from this scripture that the first job of the church is get itself on track, God can take care of the wider issues.

    I also have found today the institutional church has become so self focused it has often forgotten its role or become confused about its role (in addition to following and obeying Christ).

    This role confusion is cleared up in the following passages

    Firstly In Eph 6:12-13 we see Paul warning us that we do not wrestle against flesh and blood but against principalities, against powers, against rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places. He then tells us to take up the whole armour of God so we can stand against this evil. Thus we do not wrestle with the world or our own potentially dysfunctional traditional church system.

    Secondly In 2 Corinthians 5 18 Paul makes it clear we are ambassadors for Christ and he has given us a ministry of reconciliation to reach out to mankind and bring them back into relationship with him. Not stuck in a inward looking church institution.

    Thirdly In Eph 3 : 10,11 Christians are to reveal to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly realms, the manifold grace of God and what he achieved through the cross. Often not taught to believers. Grace is shown to abound across society/church and to declare it to demonic structures.

    Fourthly In Eph 5: 11-14 We are to expose the designs and deeds of darkness through the light of Jesus Christ. This is not passive it means getting out and doing it. Not though endless sermonising

    Fifthly In Eph 6: 10-18 We are to resist and stand actively against the devils schemes. This is where the ecclesia comes in

    Lastly 1 John 2: 12-14. Overcome the evil one, to conquer his influence over our characters. Again this is where the ecclesia comes in.

    If the Christine group you are in are doing the above, then well done. If it’s not happening, then fortunately the Ecclesia (two or more gathered in His name) is both wide and diverse and diversity they say is the spice of life. So go and immerse yourself in it and enjoy. Hope this is further food for thought

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  14. Tithing in the Institutional Church. What does Malachi teach us about it really? Lets look at it in the light of the new testament teachings through this expansion using scripture as provided by ….bible I’m sure this will generate much discussion.

    “Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat [bread—pure and fine bread—not polluted bread of a carnal mind filled with evil deeds and doctrines], and prove Me now herewith, says the Lord of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of HEAVEN [‘For the bread of God is He which come down from heaven… For I came down from heaven… I am the bread which came down from heaven… John 6:33, 38, 41] and pour you out a blessing [Jesus Christ, The Bread of Life is this blessing], that there shall not be room [‘Now unto Him that is able to do EXCEEDING ABUNDANTLY {Gk: SUPEREXCESSIVELY—superabundantly, superexceedingly, superaboundingly} ABOVE ALL THAT WE ASK OR THINK’ Eph. 3:20] to receive it” (Mal. 3:10).

    God is saying to us: “Give Me your pure bread offerings of a “broken heart, contrite spirit, and attitude of obedience,” and I will give you, “The TRUE BREAD OF LIFE from HEAVEN.”

    Now there, is a blessing beyond our ability to make “room to receive it.” Jesus Christ is the True Bread in God’s house. Jesus Christ is the personification of LOVE, LIGHT AND LIFE. Jesus is the ultimate, the apex, the primer, the zenith, the HIGHEST OF EVERYTHING! Jesus Christ is the Tree of Life, The Hope of Glory, The Saviour of the World—all that we and the entirety of the universe will ever need for all eternity is found in Him! But God demands purity. All the polluted bread has got to go:

    “Behold, what manner of love the Father has bestowed upon us, that we should be called the SONS OF GOD: therefore the world knows us not, because it knew Him not.

    Beloved, now are we the SONS of God, and it does not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when He shall appear, we shall be like Him, for we shall see Him as He is.

    And every man that has this hope in him PURIFIES HIMSELF, even as He [Jesus] IS PURE” (I John 3:1-3).

    And some of the the priests of Christendom would have us believe that God’s message through Malachi is a quest for MORE MONEY!


    Obedience to the Law of Moses, the Sacrifices and the many Ordinances was to bring physical prosperity, safety from enemies, healthy children, and a long life in the land, followed by DEATH. Malachi brings us from obedience to physical laws in the land, all the way down to the return of Messiah in fiery judgment upon mankind. God never really did want animal sacrifices, but the sacrifices of a “broken and contrite heart and spirit.”

    God tells us through Malachi that we should bring all our tithes (spiritual tithes and offerings) to Him and He will bless us with a blessing that cannot be contained.

    The physical tithes that were brought to the storehouse from which portions were sacrificed to God, brought temporary, physical blessings on Earth. For all those who will bring all their spiritual tithes and offering to God’s house, God promises One permanent, SPIRITUAL Blessing from heaven. Jesus Christ is that One and only True Bread of never-ending life.


    As Christians are not under the Law of Moses in this New Testament dispensation, accordingly, the end-time fulfillment of Malachi does not pertain to the Law of Moses, which is the oldness of the letter rather the newness of the spirit. Just as there is no more sacrificing of animals at the Temple, likewise there is no tithing of animals at the Temple—nor is there tithing of any kind. Christians are not under the Law of Moses, nor a twisted, modified version of it.

    “For the law of the SPIRIT of LIFE in Christ Jesus [this is not the Law of Moses] has made me FREE FROM THE LAW OF SIN AND DEATH” (Rom. 8:2).

    The law of the letter “engraven in stone tablets” assuredly was a “dispensation of death and condemnation” (II Cor. 3:4-11). Here are but a few more sacrifices of the spirit which are always acceptable in God’s presence:

    “…therefore will I offer in His tabernacle sacrifices of JOY…” (Ps. 26:6).

    “Offer the sacrifices of RIGHTEOUSNESS, and put your trust in the Lord” (Ps. 4:5).

    “And let them sacrifice the sacrifices of THANKSGIVING, and declare His works with REJOICING” (Ps. 107:22).

    Yes, these are the sacrifices, these are the offerings, these are the tithes of a broken heart and a contrite spirit.

    What what a clever piece of legislation the institutional Church enacted when they changed a law regarding the tithing of farm products for the Levites only, to a law that exacts ten per cent of EVERYTHING FROM EVERYBODY. Scripture tells us in John 8 32 You shall know the truth and the truth shall make you free.

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  16. As an adult educator I firmly believe people will move from being a hearer of the word …to a doer of the word, when someone bothers to give them the knowledge and tools they need so they can put stronger arms and legs on their faith. So here we go and if you do it, expect a wild ride guided by God the Holy Spirit.
    In looking back over 34 years of ministry experience I have found that the following approach to outreach is simple, no training is required, its non-threatening to all parties, reflects grace and acceptance, and it works! So you will never know if you don’t have a go!
    A quote to help you along the way…. to the Doing! “I strongly believe that the underlying reality of the church is none other than Jesus Christ Himself. Not as a doctrine. Nor as a system of belief. Nor as a set of moral teachings. Not as a moral philosopher or a social activist. But as a living person who has thoughts, feelings, and volition. A living person who dwells within our spirits and who can be known and may I add known by many!
    Taken From…….. Eternity to Here……..’ by Frank Viola
    So if this is true what’s stops us from fulfilling our scriptural roles both internally and externally? Generally we can tell ourselves, it’s too hard or I may be rejected, I fear failure, I will be belittled or dismissed as irrelevant or be verbally abused. Can I say to you in love ….This is Wrong thinking caused by misdirection of our actions in the past, often as a result of unhelpful teaching. Remember Jesus Christ is A living person who dwells within our spirits and can be known known.
    So in my case I use a little rhyme which I repeat to myself often when ministering to people. It’s helpful as it reminds me what I need to do… Jesus, People, Relationships. What this translates as in our lives …is an action we need to take….ie is we get to know and follow Jesus, we interact with people in our sphere of influence and we build relationships. Keep this in mind as I outline one pathway made up of 10 simple steps or rules if you like that can be used to reach out in Christ’s name. Remember no evangelistic training is required to do what I am about to describe….just a willingness to try!
    In following this pathway there is a fundamental over riding principle to the steps/rules I will outline to you……ie in John 5:19 Jesus states…Truly, truly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of Himself, unless it is something He sees the Father doing; for whatever the Father does, these things the Son also does in like manner. For the Father loves the Son, and shows Him all things that He Himself is doing; and the Father will show Him greater works than these, so that you will marvel.… Very profound. The key themes here are asking and seeing! So if you don’t ask, you won’t see and you won’t know and it won’t work very well!
    So first rule of reaching out.. ask what is God doing today that He wants you to do… revealed through God the Holy Spirit ie the divine opportunities he creates for us! Find out first, be sensitive minute by minute for divinely created opportunities. That way your will lines up with His. So now you have asked…. and now you see what He wants.
    Second Rule of reaching out…forget the thinking I may fail as it will create avoidance behaviour and replace it with, as I respond to Gods leading each opportunity created by Him is a learning experience for me no matter what happens. When it’s over practice reflective thinking guided by the HS and review what happened and what did I learn from it? This prepares you for the next time……and it will come be assured.
    The Third Rule of Reaching out… take some time and identify who you already have contact with, people who you have relationships with, work associates, family members, friends, school acquaintances, people in volunteer organisations, social media contacts etc. These are the people who are already known and are in your mission field. There is at this stage no need to look further unless God tells you to and or He provides to you a divine opportunity to engage with a stranger. Sometimes it does happen when you first start off. Later on it will happen more often. But if you are starting for the first time stick to who you know…..Otherwise it can become too hard and you won’t do it!
    The Fourth Rule of Reaching Out…seek out the person of peace. This is what Christ told the disciples to do when reaching out. If you find one spend time with them, if you are rejected move on. God will lead you to the person of peace if You ask Him to! Often they are the key to opening up an entire family or street to Christ because they already know what’s going on locally.
    The Fifth Rule of Reaching Out…be sensitive to people’s needs and troubles remember we are called to do good works and reflect Christs grace and compassion into people’s lives. This grace opens up doors into their souls and they are more likely to listen about your faith as they get to know you. Remember people who feel they belong first…. are more likely to believe later.
    The Sixth Rule of Reaching Out…Understanding Gods Role and Your Role- They Are Different
    It’s my belief that part of our frustration in our witnessing can come from not understanding the pivotal role that the God the Holy Spirit can play in helping us share our faith. For example. In a court room, there’s a judge, a prosecutor, a defence attorney, a defendant, & witnesses. Who gives testimony in the court room? The witnesses do. Do the witnesses prosecute the defendant? Do the witnesses convict the defendant? NO!
    Witnesses …they do their best to give honest & true testimony because they realize that the verdict may hinge on how well they witness. But their only job is testifying.
    CONVICTING PEOPLE of their sins & of the need of righteousness & closeness of judgment is the Spirit’s job – NOT OURS. There is a spiritual line they must decide to cross based on divinely inspired conviction and their realisation they need to be forgiven by Christ. On the other hand the Devil and his minions will try and stop it from happening through deception.
    The Seventh Rule of Reaching Out…Deepen the Relationships
    Following on from rule five… So how do you do this? Simply put… Journey with people in their lives, show an interest in their aspirations, struggles and their families. Become a listening ear and when needs are revealed help meet those needs as best as you can. As a Professional Counsellor and Chaplain I find 50% of people’s concerns are resolved just because I became an active and helpful listener. They are not intimidated by the fact I am a Christian; they just need to have someone to care for their situation and their life journey. Remember when starting out you most likely already know them, so they are not strangers, so go for it.
    The Eighth Rule of Reaching Out… Sharing your Journey after listening to their journey.
    So You Need a Reproducible Entry Strategy
    In Acts 26 Paul’ presents his testimony about his pre and post Christian life. Called the B.E.S.T model (Before Events, Your Salvation, then as you are Today).
    Its about formulating a simple 3 minute story that shows your first love for Jesus and how it has changed your life. Then there is Prayer Walking and or -Spiritual Warfare
    Ie Praying the Holy Spirit to enter into the area your considering as your ‘entry strategy’. Prayer for God to reveal the places where the ‘Person of Peace’ dwells.
    Praying for the powers of this world which are blinding the eyes of those who are perishing to be broken in these chosen people/areas in Jesus name.
    Observe the surroundings you are working in, having a desire to learn what is in the environment before you start ministering and working within it.
    Once you have your Testimony, you have prepared the way through relationship development; the next step is to use a simple entry strategy.
    The Ninth Rule of Reaching Out… You can use tools such as a simple Questionnaire to detect a person’s interest in the spiritual and the gospel. The idea is simply is to probe for spiritual interest. Don’t be too concerned if your first contact doesn’t go to well, pray as you walk away for a special blessing for that household or person. It’s just a tool to spark interest and healthy discussion with the individual. Remember no matter what reaction you get, “everyone needs forgiveness, everyone needs compassion and the Kindness of a Saviour. Including you and I
    There is strength in numbers, through prayer support, strategy building and group action. A small group is an ideal vehicle for this sort of evangelism. Take this thinking even further, an existing Christian community can provide even greater level of support for evangelism through relationship building, as the community as a whole supports, encourages and prays for people as they go about their daily lives interacting with believers and non-believers as ambassadors and ministers of reconciliation.
    2. FOLLOW GODS LEADING (Don’t focus on the outcome)
    5. CARRY YOUR TOOLS (Always be prepared)
    I hope this information has been helpful in reviewing where you stand in your faith and has been an encouragement for you…. To throw off any thing that is stopping you from being all you can be… in and through Jesus Christ.
    Remember Christ loves you as you are… but He loves you too much to leave you as you are!
    If you have any questions about any of the information contained here I can be contact through the Soulcare Ministry site
    Go into the main menu front page and click onto the small email icon at the top of the page. This is quickest way of contacting me. May God bless you.

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  19. Jeff S says:

    “This job requires me to work every Sunday–I’d have to get a new job if I wanted to be regular at church.”

    My wife works Saturday nights as a nurse, gets home after a 12 hour shift and sleeps through church time. She could change her schedule. But are you sure you want a world with no nurses available for Saturday night emergencies? Or is that a job we will relegate to the heathen?

  20. To Jeff S
    Keep your job, and we need nurses no matter when they work and don’t worry about the institutional demands of the temple model, just spend more time with God. Blessings

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Kevin DeYoung

Kevin DeYoung is senior pastor of University Reformed Church (PCA) in East Lansing, Michigan, near Michigan State University. He and his wife Trisha have six children. You can follow him on Twitter.

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