A student of biblical prophecy, Columbus believed that by reaching new lands he was hastening the end of the world. The prophet Isaiah and Jesus the Messiah had stated that the end could not come until the gospel had been preached to all nations. Pauline Watts notes that “Columbus’s apocalyptic vision of the world and of the special role that he was destined to play in the unfolding of events that would presage the end of time was a major stimulus for his voyages.” Without justifying his actions, or those of other explorers and conquerors, we can say that Columbus was correct here. By starting the process whereby this dynamic European culture became globally dominant, Columbus made global history an irretrievably linear history.
His advancing of God’s purpose in history was somewhat inadvertent, however, for he thought God’s purpose was inextricably linked to his and to Spain’s. It was not, for they were engaged in an argument with him. He used them to accomplish his purposes anyway but did not excuse their actions. Columbus’s view of biblical prophecy does not justify his actions toward the Taino, but neither do his actions make biblical prophecies erroneous. One can have a right idea and still do wrong. One can have truth and still rebel against it. Europeans were doing just that. God’s ends did not justify their means, even if they had been pursuing his ends, which they were not.
So, paradoxically, both Columbus and the revisionist writers who condemn him are correct. His voyages advanced God’s long-range goals and yet were profoundly ungodly. That is so because of a deeper paradox: the Christianity carried by Europeans to the New World was divinely revealed truth, yet those who carried it were in serious rebellion against it. As divine revelation, it provoked human rebellion. Exploration brought rebellion to a world that had not known rebellion as destructively dynamic as was Europe’s.
—Steven J. Keillor, This Rebellious House: American History and the Truth of Christianity (Downers Grove, IL: IVP, 2002), 37-38.
You can read the whole first chapter online: “1492: The Seven Deadly Sins Tumble out of Europe.”