Within the next several months several critical marriage cases will come before the Supreme Court. The challenge to Proposition 8—the California constitutional amendment that states only marriage between a man and a woman is valid or recognized in that state—is one of the most important cases of recent times. The constitutionality of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), enacted by Congress and signed into law by President Clinton in 1996, will also be examined. If DOMA is overturned, chaplains in our Armed Forces will be the first to feel the negative effects. Because the military does not create its own religious ministries, the Armed Services depend on religious leadership from the churches and religious bodies of America. Chaplains are endorsed to serve through cooperative channels between the religious body, the Department of Defense's Armed Forces Chaplains Board, and the respective service branch. Should the government normalize homosexual marriage, chaplains would be confronted with a difficult moral choice of choosing to serve their God or serve Caesar. Because of the high percentage of theologically conservative and biblically oriented chaplains within each military branch, the conflict will be real and a cause for great concern.