In making us in his image, God created human beings as moral creatures. Our minds are constantly in a moral mode of thinking and reasoning. Our consciences demand attention, and we are continually observing others around us for moral signals. Our Creator gave us laws, principles, precepts, and commandments that guide us, convict us, and protect us. Christian leaders know to be thankful for the common morality that is revealed in nature and has been recognized in some form in virtually every civilization and culture. We are also thankful for the specific moral instruction given to us in the Bible through the commandments and statutes and laws that frame our Christian moral knowledge. Furthermore, we must recognize the importance of the moral order represented by the government, which, after all, was also given to us by our Creator in order that we might live in societies of order and peace. If these structures of law and morality did not exist, leadership would be impossible. But laws and commandments are not enough. Leadership requires the possession and cultivation of certain moral virtues that allow leadership to happen. If the leader does not demonstrate these essential virtues, disaster is certain. Consider these people who have changed the moral landscape of modern life. When you hear the name Richard Nixon, the first thing that comes to mind is the fact that he became the first (and so far, only) president of the United States who had to resign from office. When you hear of Enron, the first thing we all remember is the spectacular failure and collapse of a major American corporation, at least in part because of fraudulent valuations. Or think of Bernard Madoff, now sitting in a federal prison in North Carolina, sentenced to 150 years in prison for leading the largest Ponzi scheme in history, with $18 billion defrauded from investors. Madoff defrauded some of the biggest and most illustrious people in the world, and he got away with it for an amazingly long time. But time ran out for Madoff, and the collapse of a vast Ponzi scheme is about as spectacular as the most impressive natural disaster. Madoff is an example of leadership, to be sure. One of the lifers with him in prison wrote about him with great admiration on a prison blog: "He's arguably the greatest con of all time." Sadly, the same tale of leadership without virtue has meant the collapse of many Christian ministries and churches. The very people who should know the most about the necessity of virtue in leadership can be among the most embarrassing examples of its lack. Leaders are subject to the same laws, moral principles, and expectations as the rest of humanity, but the moral risks are far higher for them. For that reason, there are certain moral virtues that are especially crucial in the leader's character and life.